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Faster Freestyle Swimming Clinic: Part 4. Umph at the Front for Swimming Power

Swimming Power: Technique Video Series for Faster Freestyle Swimming (part 4 of 5)


Learn how to improve your freestyle swimming power, efficiency, technique, and endurance from Karlyn Pipes, swim technique expert coach and Masters Swimming multiple World Record holder. In this no-nonsense swim clinic, Coach Karlyn demonstrates five focus points essential for improving freestyle swimming.  You’ll learn how to do each technique point from the high-quality underwater video and instruction on land with a Vasa SwimErg.


Karlyn’s winning ways will help you develop an efficient freestyle with increased swimming power.  Follow her lead and you’ll soon be swimming stronger, better, faster!


This clinic is presented in 5 blog posts, each with one of Karlyn’s five essential technique focus points:

Part 1. Hand Placement: How to properly set up the stroke

Part 2. Fingertip Orientation: High Elbow Catch

Part 3. Wrist Awareness and The Power of the Y

Part 4. Umph at the Front: Where to apply the power

Part 5. Exiting the Stroke efficiently to reduce drag


Part 4. Umph at the Front for swimming power


Let’s focus on where the power is in the stroke – putting the “umph at the front”.  When you set up into the high elbow catch, using your fulcrum and keeping your fingertips pointed towards the bottom, you’ll be able to access the power of the strong back and torso muscles very early and very quickly. Figure 1.


swimming power - where to apply power in the freestyle stroke
Figure 1


This is much different than the old “S” pull, which is what many swimmers may have learned in the past.  We made an “S” with our hand, putting most of the power at the end of our stroke. If you slide your hand in and out in an “S” pull formation, there’s no way to put power at the beginning of your stroke or when you’re sweeping inwards towards your body.  In an “S” pull, you are forced to put your power at the end of the stroke.

Engage large muscle groups for increased swimming power

Instead of going out and in with an “S” pull stroke,  go straight back, enabling your large muscle groups in the back to activate the power quickly and early in the stroke — hence, “the umph at the front.”  Figure 2


Karlyn Pipes demonstrates engaging large muscle groups for swimming power
Figure 2

When swimming on the Vasa SwimErg,  focus on engaging the power somewhere in between the stretch outwards and the catch. Figure 3.  

Karlyn Pipes focuses on engaging swimming power during dryland training
Figure 3

Engage the power in the wrist, press backward, and release. Keep a high elbow catch and a firm wrist. By doing so, you are activating the large muscle groups in the back.  Figure 4.

Karlyn Pipes demonstrates a high elbow catch and a firm wrist in and out of water
Figure 4

To test the difference in power, shift to powering through the back of your stroke. Many different muscles are being used and it is not as effective as putting the power at the front. (Check the Power Meter to see the difference in watts for each style).


If you are a triathlete, a cycling analogy to the “umph at the front” would be like using your large chain ring, instead of your small chain ring.   In swimming, we are looking at swimming with a pull instead of a push. We need to avoid a push because it allows the power to get stuck at the end of your stroke, losing momentum and creating extra drag, consequently slowing the swimmer.


Remember, for a faster, effective, and more efficient pull, put the “umph at the front” for greater swimming power

Continue on to PART 5. Exiting the Stroke: Reduce drag and use less effort on the recovery

:  Coach Karlyn Pipes is an excellent and very popular swim technique coach.  She practices what she coaches as an accomplished Masters Swimming World Record Holder. She has an appetite for success and it shows. Voted one of the top ten masters swimmers of all-time, she holds over 200+ FINA Masters World records, of which 47 are still current. In early 2017, she broke six more FINA Masters World Records while competing in Europe.  

Karlyn travels the world teaching swimmers and triathletes of every age and ability “how to swim faster with less effort”. She runs swim technique clinics and camps through her business Aquatic Edge, located in beautiful Kona, Hawaii. Recently, Karlyn was inducted into the International Swimming Hall Of Fame in 2015 and has released her new book, The Do-Over. We are proud to be associated with Karlyn and we commend her on all that she has accomplished throughout her swimming & coaching career.